The arid Lake Utikuma region of the Western Boreal Plains often experiences more evapotranspiration than precipitation. Reclaimed oil well sites and commercial forestry operations have further altered the water balance of this region. This research quantifies and scales canopy and ground surface frictional influences on water and energy fluxes at varying scales.
Permafrost plateaus located within the Scotty Creek watershed are rapidly thawing, causing drastic changes to vegetation communities, local hydrology and meteorology, and greenhouse gas fluxes. Permafrost plateaus in this region have decreased in area by 11% converting more rapidly into bog than fen land cover types. This has large implications for greenhouse gas fluxes from soil, especially along fragmented/fractal boundaries experiencing accelerating thaw.